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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲):  + , 耂 as phonetic, 子 as semantic.

Alternative explanation: Ideogrammic compound (會意):  (an old man with long hair, bent over) +  (a child) – an old man and a child, filial piety between generations. Compare top component to .

Han character[edit]

(radical 39 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 十大弓木 (JKND), four-corner 44407, composition)

  1. filial piety
  2. obedience
  3. mourning

Derived characters[edit]

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 278, character 11
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 6952
  • Dae Jaweon: page 546, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1011, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5B5D

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (孝), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 肴
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 呼敎切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɣauH/ /xauH/ /xauH/ /hɯauH/ /haɨwH/ /xauH/ /xauH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiào ‹ xaewH › /*qʰˤ<r>uʔ-s/ filial

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13771 1 /*qʰruːs/

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Source : mahou kanji dictionary - 孝 (Takashi)

Compounds[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana たかし, romaji Takashi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hyo) (hangeul , revised hyo, McCune-Reischauer hyo, Yale hyo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(hiếu, hếu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.