学生

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Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (学生, reconstructed)
Character (學), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 覺
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡覺切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣʌk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/ /ɦɯɔk̚/ /ɦaɨwk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/
Character (生), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 生 (21)
Final: 庚
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 所庚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʃɣæŋ/ /ʂɐŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃɯaŋ/ /ʂaɨjŋ/ /ʃɐŋ/ /ʃaŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (学生, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xué ‹ hæwk › /*m-kˁruk/ study; imitate
shēng ‹ sræng › /*sreŋ/ bear, be born; live
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14079 1 /*ɡruːɡ/ 甲文象習持爻於膝前,金文方加子
11312 0 /*sʰleːŋ/

Noun[edit]

学生

  1. student

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (學生):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
がく
Grade: 1
せい
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Noun[edit]

学生 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 學生, hiragana がくせい, romaji gakusei)

  1. student (in school)

Derived terms[edit]

  • 小学生 (しょうがくせい, shōgakusei) - primary (elementary, grade) school student
  • 中学生 (ちゅうがくせい, chūgakusei) - middle (junior high) school student
  • 高等学校学生 (こうとうがっこうがくせい, kōtōgakkō gakusei) - high school student; more commonly 高校生 (こうこうせい, kōkōsei)
  • 大学生 (だいがくせい, daigakusei) - college student
  • 大学院生 (だいがくいんせい, daigakuinsei) - graduate student

See also[edit]