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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
學-order.gif
Stroke order
(alternative)
學-aorder.gif

Etymology[edit]

Ancient forms: , . The former is constructed from the skeleton of / ("to teach") with the addition of two extra components: 1) a -like component around the top-left part, signifying hands (hands-on learning); 2) a ("cover") over ("child"), representing the cover of a building or school, i.e. the child learns in a roofed place. Shuowen regards as the phonetic component in the character, which is unlikely to be true according to current Old Chinese reconstructions. Variant: ( "literature, writing" + 子 "child"). See / for more.

Han character[edit]

(radical 39 +13, 16 strokes, cangjie input 竹月弓木 (HBND), four-corner 77407)

  1. learning, knowledge
  2. school

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 280, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7033
  • Dae Jaweon: page 549, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1019, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+5B78

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (學), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 覺
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡覺切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦɣʌk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/ /ɦɯɔk̚/ /ɦaɨwk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/ /ɣɔk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xué ‹ haewk › /*m-kˤruk/ study; imitate

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
14079 1 /*ɡruːɡ/ 甲文象習持爻於膝前,金文方加子

Verb[edit]

  1. to study, to learn
  2. to imitate; to copy; to mimic

Synonyms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

  1. science; -ology
Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanjikyūjitai kanji, shinjitai form )

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 蘭學 (らんがく, rangaku)
  • 學校 (がっこう, gakkō)
  • 學生 (がくせい, gakusei)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hak)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: hak, McCune-Reischauer: hak, Yale: hak)
  • Name (hangeul): 배우다 (revised: bae-uda, McCune-Reischauer: paeuda, Yale: pay.uta)
  1. learn, take lessons, be taught, study

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(học, hục)

  1. to learn
  2. to study