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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形): Shaped spool or bobbin. It is the original character of ,

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 十一弓 (JMN), four-corner 30201, composition)

  1. peaceful
  2. simplified of
    1. calm, peaceful, serene
    2. healthy

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 281, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7055
  • Dae Jaweon: page 551, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 910, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5B81

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad. 宁/

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (宁), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 直魚切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨʌ/ /ȡʱi̯wo/ /ȡiɔ/ /ɖiɔ/ /ɖɨə̆/ /ȡĭo/ /ȡiɔ/
Character (宁), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 澄 (11)
Final: 魚
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 直吕切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɖɨʌX/ /ȡʱi̯woX/ /ȡiɔX/ /ɖiɔX/ /ɖɨə̆X/ /ȡĭoX/ /ȡiɔX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
níng ‹ neng › /*nˤeŋ/ peace

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17632 0 /*da/
17638 0 /*daʔ/

Compounds[edit]

Phrases[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. calm
  2. peaceful
  3. serene
  4. healthy

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeo) (hangeul , revised jeo, McCune-Reischauer chŏ)

  1. garden
  2. peace

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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