安全

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Chinese[edit]

 
content; calm; still; quiet; to pacify; peace
 
all; whole; entire; every; complete
simp. and trad.
(安全)

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (安全, reconstructed)
Character (安), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 烏寒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɑn/ /ʔɑn/ /ʔɑn/ /ʔɑn/ /ʔan/ /ɑn/ /ʔɑn/
Character (全), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 疾緣切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ziuᴇn/ /d͡zʱi̯wɛn/ /d͡ziuɛn/ /d͡zʷiɛn/ /d͡zwian/ /d͡zĭwɛn/ /d͡zjuæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (安全, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
ān ‹ 'an › /*[ʔ]ˤa[n]/ peace(ful)
ān ‹ 'an › /*[ʔ]ˤa[n]/ how
ān ‹ 'an › /*[ʔ]ˤa[n]/ 安息 Ānxī (Iranian country in the western regions, W. Hàn; from Aršaka = Arsaces, founder of the Arsacid dynasty)
quán ‹ dzjwen › /*[dz]o[n]/ complete (adj.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11 1 /*qaːn/
10718 3 /*zlon/

Adjective[edit]

安全

  1. safe, secure

Noun[edit]

安全

  1. safety, security

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (安全):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
あん
Grade: 3
ぜん
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Adjectival noun[edit]

安全 (-na inflection, hiragana あんぜん, romaji anzen)

  1. safe, secure

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

安全 (hiragana あんぜん, romaji anzen)

  1. safety, security

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

安全 (anjeon) (hangeul 안전)

  1. Hanja form? of 안전, “safety”.

Vietnamese[edit]

Hán tự in this word

Noun[edit]

安全

  1. Hán tự form of an toàn, "safety"