定めない

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 3

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Compound of 定め (sadame, fate; rule, law, the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, stem form) of verb 定める sadameru “to decide, to establish, to settle”) +‎ 無い (nai, there isn't, does not exist): literally, “there is no set fate”, and by extension, “changeable”.[1]

Note that this is distinct from the negative form of verb 定める (​sadameru), 定めない (​sadamenai), although both have the same reading and inflection.[1]

Usage notes[edit]

Both senses of sadamenai are often written using hiragana for the nai portion. In such cases, the intended sense can be discerned from the context.

Alternative forms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

定めない (-i inflection, hiragana さだめない, romaji sadamenai)

  1. Alternative spelling of 定め無い transient, changeable, ephemeral
Inflection[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

The negative form of verb 定める (sadameru, to decide, to establish, to settle).

Verb[edit]

定めない (hiragana さだめない, romaji sadamenai)

  1. to not decide, to not establish, to not settle

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan