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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +6, 9 strokes, cangjie input 十一日一 (JMAM), four-corner 30106, composition)

  1. declare, announce, proclaim

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 284, character 16
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7132
  • Dae Jaweon: page 562, character 4
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 923, character 10
  • Unihan data for U+5BA3

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (宣), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 須緣切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siuᴇn/ /si̯wɛn/ /siuɛn/ /sʷiɛn/ /swian/ /sĭwɛn/ /sjuæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xuān ‹ sjwen › /*s-qʷar/ spread (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3954 3 /*sqʰon/

Verb[edit]

  1. (literary) declare; announce; proclaim
  2. (archaic) to command (from a sovereign to a subject)
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(seon) (hangeul , revised seon, McCune-Reischauer sŏn)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tuyên)

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