Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: , , and

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十一尸人 (JMSO), four-corner 30232, composition)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 286, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7169
  • Dae Jaweon: page 566, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 930, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5BB6

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.
Stroke order
家-bw.png
Stroke order
家-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (roof) + phonetic  (pig). 豕 is an abbreviation of (jiā, "male pig, boar") (Shuowen Jiezi), a homophone of in Old Chinese (both *kˁra in the Baxter-Sagart system, 2011). is further composed of the phonetic part (jiǎ, from Old Chinese *kˁraʔ, "to borrow") and the semantic part ("pig").

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (家), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古牙切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣa/ /ka/ /ka/ /kɯa/ /kaɨ/ /ka/ /ka/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
jiā ‹ kae › /*kˤra/ household

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5919 0 /*kraː/

Noun[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) home
  2. (Beginning Mandarin) family; household
  3. school of thought; philosophical school

Suffix[edit]

  1. specialist in a certain activity or field -ist; -er; -ary; -ian

Pronoun[edit]

  1. (polite, for family member) my

Classifier[edit]

  1. measure word for families or businesses

Synonyms[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/ihe1/: [ipe] → [iɸe] → [iwe] → [ie]. Possibly related to io.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いえ, romaji ie)

  1. a house
  2. one's own home
  3. a home; a household
  4. a family

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. (as suffix) an expert, professional, performer

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with (uchi).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

  1. a house
  2. one's house

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ke)

  1. a suffix representing relationship to a family
     (たいら) ()
    taira-ke
    the Taira family

Etymology 3[edit]

A contraction of uchi → chi. Often following the genitive case marker no which contracts to n.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji chi)

  1. house
     (おれ) () ()ない?
    ore n chi ni konai?
    Wanna come to my place?

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ya)

  1. house

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ya)

  1. house of something, place where some business is conducted
  2. person who does that thing
See also[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ga, go) (hangeul , , McCune-Reischauer ka, ko)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(gia, nhà)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.