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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
家-bw.png
Stroke order
家-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (roof) + phonetic  (pig). 豕 is an abbreviation of (jiā, "male pig, boar") (Shuowen Jiezi), a homophone of in Old Chinese (both *kˁra in the Baxter-Sagart system, 2011). is further composed of the phonetic part (jiǎ, from Old Chinese *kˁraʔ, "to borrow") and the semantic part ("pig").

Han character[edit]

(radical 40 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 十一尸人 (JMSO), four-corner 30232, composition)

  1. house, home, residence
  2. family
  3. (as a suffix): professional, expert, performer
  4. (as a suffix): a school of thought (儒家, 道家, 法家)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 286, character 17
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7169
  • Dae Jaweon: page 566, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 930, character 15
  • Unihan data for U+5BB6

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping gaa1, gu1, Yale ga1, gu1)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/ihe1/: [ipe] → [iɸe] → [iwe] → [ie]. Possibly related to io.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana いえ, historical hiragana いへ, romaji ie)

  1. a house
  2. one's own home
  3. a home; a household
  4. a family

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ka)

  1. (as suffix) an expert, professional, performer

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with (uchi).

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うち, romaji uchi)

  1. a house
  2. one's house

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ke)

  1. a suffix representing relationship to a family
     (たいら) ()
    taira-ke
    the Taira family

Etymology 3[edit]

A contraction of uchi → chi. Often following the genitive case marker no which contracts to n.

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji chi)

  1. house
     (おれ) () ()ない?
    ore n chi ni konai?
    Wanna come to my place?

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji ya)

  1. house

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana , romaji -ya)

  1. house of something, place where some business is conducted
  2. person who does that thing

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ga, go) (hangeul [[, ]], revised ga, go, McCune-Reischauer ka, ko)

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin jiā (jia1), Wade-Giles chia1)

  1. house
  2. home
  3. family

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin jiā)

  1. home
  2. family

Synonyms[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*ga)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA ka (ka1), ke (ke1)])

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(gia, nhà)