寿

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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Simplified from

Han character[edit]

寿 (radical 41 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手大木戈 (QKDI))

  1. old age, long life
  2. lifespan

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 294, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7419
  • Dae Jaweon: page 581, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 504, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5BFF

Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of 寿 – see .
(This term, 寿, is the simplified form of .)
Notes:

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

寿

(common “Jōyō” kanjishinjitai kanji, kyūjitai form )

  1. longevity, long life
  2. congratulations

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
寿
じゅ
Grade: S
on'yomi

The shinjitai, or Japanese simplified form, of . From Middle Chinese (dzyuwX, longevity).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

寿 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana じゅ, romaji ju)

  1. years of age
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
寿
ことぶき
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Nominalization of the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 寿く (kotobuku), itself an alteration of earlier root form kotohoku, a compound of (koto, words, speech) +‎ 祝く (hoku, to pray for a good outcome, obsolete in modern Japanese).[2]

The meaning shifted over time from to say something in prayer for a good outcome to a more general to say something favorable in hope for or upon a felicitous or auspicious occasion. From there, the meaning expanded to include long life.

This long life meaning was apparently already in use when the kanji was first imported and applied to this word.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

寿 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ことぶき, romaji kotobuki)

  1. congratulations, felicitations
  2. something worthy of congratulations
  3. long life, longevity

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji in this term
寿
ことほぎ
Grade: S
kun'yomi

Nominalization of the 連用形 (ren'yōkei, continuative or stem form) of verb 寿ぐ (kotohogu), itself an alteration of earlier root form kotohoku, a compound of (koto, words, speech) +‎ 祝く (hoku, to pray for a good outcome, obsolete in modern Japanese).[2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

寿 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji , hiragana ことほぎ, romaji kotohogi)

  1. congratulations, felicitations
  2. something worthy of congratulations
  3. long life, longevity
Usage notes[edit]

The kotohogi reading does not appear to be as common as the kotobuki reading further above.

Etymology 4[edit]

Used as ateji for various names.

Proper noun[edit]

寿 (hiragana ひさし, romaji Hisashi)

  1. A male given name

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  2. 2.0 2.1 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

寿 (su) (hangeul , revised su, McCune-Reischauer su, Yale swu)

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