将軍

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 6 Grade: 4

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From (しょう, shou, “to lead”) + (ぐん, gun, “army,” “troop”).

Noun[edit]

将軍 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 將軍, hiragana しょうぐん, romaji shōgun)

  1. commander of troops
  2. (military) general
Synonyms[edit]
  • (military general): 将官 (しょうかん, shōkan)
Related terms[edit]
Usage notes[edit]

In modern military system, 将軍 refers to any military officers who have the ranks with the character 将, i.e. 大将 (たいしょう, taishō), 中将 (ちゅうじょう, chūjō), 少将 (しょうしょう, shōshō), and 准将 (じゅんしょう, junshō).

Etymology 2[edit]

From an abbreviation of 征夷大将軍 (せいいたいしょうぐん, seii-taishōgun), which means the general who overcomes the barbarians.

Noun[edit]

将軍 (shinjitai kanji, kyūjitai kanji 將軍, hiragana しょうぐん, romaji shōgun)

  1. The supreme generalissimo of feudal Japan; shogun.

See also[edit]