Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
小-bw.png
Stroke order
小-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

小 小 小 小
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Ideogram (指事): 小 shows a person () with lowered arms, implying the meaning of small. In contrast, (the character for large), symbolizes a person () with arms outstretched.

Ideogram (指事): Something divided in into smaller part by a knife .

In Oracle bone script form, picture of three sand granules. compare with , represented by four dot in its oracle bone script form.

Han character[edit]

(radical 42 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓金 (NC), four-corner 90000, composition)

  1. small, little, young, tiny, insignificant

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 296, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7473
  • Dae Jaweon: page 587, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 560, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5C0F

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (小), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 私兆切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siᴇuX/ /si̯ɛuX/ /siɛuX/ /siɛuX/ /siawX/ /sĭɛuX/ /sjæuX/

Adjective[edit]

  1. small, tiny, little, short
  2. minor, petty
  3. young
Antonym[edit]
  • big, tall, major

Prefix[edit]

  1. prefix used in front of family name to indicate informality or affection (for young people, for elder people )
    Someone called 李国宝 can be called 小李
  2. prefix used in front of animals to indicate the young
Synonyms[edit]
  • informal prefix for older people
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しょう, romaji shō)

  1. smallness; small size, small (sometimes used as an abbreviation for small serving, etc.)

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana しょう, romaji shō-)

  1. small, little

(hiragana , romaji ko-)

  1. less in size or quantity, small, little, short
  2. less in intensity, small, light, slight
  3. of secondary importance, secondary, sub-
  4. infant

Related terms[edit]

  • (ko-): child
  • (ko-): child
  • (ko-): daughter
  • (ko-): offspring

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana しょう, romaji -shō)

  1. suffix after names of elementary schools
    佃小 (つくだしょう)
    tsukuda-shō
    Tsukuda Elementary School

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(so)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: so, McCune-Reischauer: so, Yale: so)
  • Name (hangeul): 작다 (revised: jakda, McCune-Reischauer: chakta, Yale: cakta)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*siɛ̌u)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiểu, tĩu)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.