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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
小-bw.png
Stroke order
小-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

小 小 小 小
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

小 shows a person () with lowered arms, implying the meaning of small. In contrast, (the character for large), symbolizes a person () with arms outstretched.

Han character[edit]

(radical 42 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 弓金 (NC), four-corner 90000)

  1. small, little, young, tiny, insignificant

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 296, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7473
  • Dae Jaweon: page 587, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 560, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5C0F

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping siu2, Yale siu2)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ síau, Guangdong siau3; seu3 [Siyan], Hagfa Pinyim seu3)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しょう, romaji shō)

  1. smallness; small size, small (sometimes used as an abbreviation for small serving, etc.)

Prefix[edit]

(hiragana しょう, romaji shō-)

  1. small, little

(hiragana , romaji ko-)

  1. less in size or quantity, small, little, short
  2. less in intensity, small, light, slight
  3. of secondary importance, secondary, sub-
  4. infant

Related terms[edit]

  • (ko-): child
  • (ko-): child
  • (ko-): daughter
  • (ko-): offspring

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana しょう, romaji -shō)

  1. suffix after names of elementary schools
    佃小 (つくだしょう)
    tsukuda-shō
    Tsukuda Elementary School

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(so)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: so, McCune-Reischauer: so, Yale: so)
  • Name (hangeul): 작다 (revised: jakda, McCune-Reischauer: chakta, Yale: cakta)

Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin xiǎo
Zhuyin ㄒㄧㄠˇ
IPA (key) /ɕi̯ɑʊ̯²¹⁴⁻²¹⁽⁴⁾/
Audio
(file)

Adjective[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin xiǎo)

  1. small, tiny, little, short
  2. few
  3. young
    这婴儿太了,不能自己吃东西。zhè yīngér tài xiǎo le, bùnéng zìjǐ chī dōngxi.
    The baby is too young to feed itself.
    小狗 puppy

Prefix[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin xiǎo)

  1. prefix used in front of family name to indicate informality or affection (for young people) ( for elder people )
    Someone called 李国宝 can be called 小李

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin xiǎo (xiao3), shào (shao4), Wade-Giles hsiao3, shao4)

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*siɛ̌u)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA siáu (siau2), sió (sio2))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tiểu, tĩu)