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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
少-bw.png
Stroke order
少-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) : four sand granules. In Oracle bone form, it is depicted as four dots. Original form of (sand).

Han character[edit]

(radical 42 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 火竹 (FH), four-corner 90200, composition丿)

  1. few, less, inadequate

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 296, character 20
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7475
  • Dae Jaweon: page 590, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 561, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5C11

Chinese[edit]

 
young; few; little; lack
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (少), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 書沼切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiᴇuX/ /ɕi̯ɛuX/ /ɕiɛuX/ /ɕiɛuX/ /ɕiawX/ /ɕĭɛuX/ /ɕjæuX/
Character (少), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 書 (26)
Final: 宵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 失照切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɕiᴇuH/ /ɕi̯ɛuH/ /ɕiɛuH/ /ɕiɛuH/ /ɕiawH/ /ɕĭɛuH/ /ɕjæuH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shǎo ‹ syewX › /*[s.t]ewʔ/ few
shào ‹ syewH › /*[s-t]ewʔ-s/ young

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13706 2 /*hmjewʔ/ 小轉註字
13708 2 /*hmjews/

Adjective[edit]

  1. few, little
  2. inadequate

Verb[edit]

  1. to lack, to be short of
  2. to lose
  3. to stop

Adverb[edit]

  1. seldom

Adjective[edit]

  1. young
    • 年轻 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad. and simp.]niánqīng [Pinyin] — young
Antonyms[edit]
  • (duō, "a lot")

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(so)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: so, McCune-Reischauer: so)
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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thiếu, thiểu, thẹo, thểu, thỉu, thẻo)

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