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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 44 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 尸人 (SO), four-corner 77807)

  1. Chinese measure approx. 'foot'
  2. (archaic) 23.1 cm (during the Han Dynasty)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 299, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 7632
  • Dae Jaweon: page 595, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 964, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5C3A

See also[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (尺), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 昌 (24)
Final: 昔
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 昌石切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiᴇk̚/ /t͡ɕʰi̯ɛk̚/ /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/ /t͡ɕʰiɛk̚/ /cʰiajk̚/ /t͡ɕʰĭɛk̚/ /t͡ɕʰiæk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chǐ ‹ tsyhek › /*tʰAk/ foot (measure)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1461 0 /*tʰjaɡ/

Noun[edit]

  1. (Hong Kong) chek, a traditional unit of length, legally defined as equal to 0.371475 metres ()
  2. (slang, North American Cantonese) a foot in Imperial units or US units

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しゃく, romaji shaku)

  1. a unit of length approximately equivalent to 30.3 cm, ten times a sun, and a tenth of a ; in the carpenter's square, approximately equivalent to 30.3 cm, and in the cloth measure approximately 37.9 cm
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 6 page 46)
      [...] 廣本無上字、説文、尺十寸也、人手却十分動脈爲寸口、十寸爲尺、尺所以指尺規榘事也从尸从乙、乙所識也、今俗呼佐之或呼毛乃佐之 [...]
    • c. 1177-1188: Iroha Jiruishō (volume 9, page 55)
      シャク 十寸為尺
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 741)
      Xacu. シャク (尺) 1 palmoよりも少し長い, ある尺度. 例, Ixxacu, nixacu. (一尺, 二尺) Xacuuo toru. l, xacudoru. (尺を取る. または, 尺取る) 上述のようなpalmoを単位として寸法を計る.
  2. length
  3. an insect, the Geometra papilionaria; an inchworm
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 741)
      Xacu. l, xacumuxi. シャク. または, しゃくむし (尺. または, 尺虫) 歩くときに身を縮めたりしながら進む一種の小虫. Xacude taiuo tçuru. (尺で鯛を釣る) 諺. この小虫で鯛を釣って取る人のように, 小さなもので大きなものを手に入れる.
Idioms[edit]
See also[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Compound of bound taka (bamboo) and hakari, voiced due to compounding.

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana たかばかり, romaji takabakari)

  1. a bamboo measure
    • 931-938: Wamyō Ruijushō (book 6 page 46)
      魏武上雜物䟽云、象牙尺、齒亦反、辨色立成云、尺竹量也、太加波可利

Etymology 3[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.
Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cheok) (hangeul , revised cheok, McCune-Reischauer ch'ŏk, Yale chek)

  1. () Korean foot (30.3cm)
  2. () measure
  3. (길이) length

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xích, xách, xế, xệch, xịch, sệch, xạch)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]