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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
川-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – compare .

川 川 川 川
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 47 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 中中中 (LLL), four-corner 22000)

  1. river, stream, brook
  2. flow
  3. boil

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 323, character 23
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8673
  • Dae Jaweon: page 624, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 32, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+5DDD

Chinese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (川), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 昌 (24)
Final: 仙
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 昌緣切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ɕʰiuᴇn/ /t͡ɕʰi̯wɛn/ /t͡ɕʰiuɛn/ /t͡ɕʰʷiɛn/ /cʰwian/ /t͡ɕʰĭwɛn/ /t͡ɕʰjuæn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chuān ‹ tsyhwen › /*t.l̥ u[n] (MC -jwen is irregular)/ stream, river

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1628 3 穿 /*kʰjon/

Noun[edit]

  1. river

Proper noun[edit]

  1. (abbreviation) Sichuan province, China

See also[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. river

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana かわ, romaji kawa)

  1. river, stream, brook

Synonyms[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Suffix[edit]

(hiragana かわ, romaji -kawa)

  1. the ... river, used in named of rivers or streams

(hiragana がわ, romaji -gawa)

  1. the ... river

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cheon)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: cheon, McCune-Reischauer: ch'ŏn)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(xuyên, xiên)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.