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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
左-bw.png

Etymology[edit]

左 is a combined form of 工, meaning work, and two other strokes that signify hand (compare ). The left hand works together with the right hand when doing a task.

Han character[edit]

(radical 48 +2, 5 strokes, cangjie input 大一 (KM), four-corner 40011, composition𠂇)

  1. left
  2. east
  3. unorthodox, improper
  4. a surname

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 325, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8720
  • Dae Jaweon: page 626, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 411, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5DE6

Chinese[edit]

left
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (左), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 臧可切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑX/ /t͡saX/ /t͡sɑX/ /t͡sɑX/
Character (左), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 歌
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 則箇切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɑH/ /t͡sɑH/ /t͡sɑH/ /t͡sɑH/ /t͡saH/ /t͡sɑH/ /t͡sɑH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zuǒ ‹ tsaX › /*tsˤa[j]ʔ/ left (side)
zuǒ ‹ tsaX › /*tsˤa[j]ʔ/ assist
zuǒ ‹ tsaH › /*tsˤarʔ-s/ assist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
18004 1 /*ʔsaːlʔ/
18006 1 /*ʔsaːls/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/hidari/: *[pidari] → [ɸidari] → [çidari].

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]
Compounds[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ひだり, romaji hidari)

  1. (direction) left, the side of the left hand
    • 16031604: Nippo Jisho (page 229)
      Fidari. ヒダリ (左) 左手, または, 左の方
  2. (politics) a leftist
Antonyms[edit]
  • (left): (migi, right)
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji sa)

  1. the left in vertical writing
  2. the following (one)
    • 1905, Natsume Sōseki, 吾輩は猫である:
      吾輩 (わがはい)はまず (かれ)がどのくらい無学 (むがく)であるかを (ため)してみようと (おも)って ()問答 (もんどう)をして ()た。
      wagahai wa mazu kare ga dono kurai mugaku de aru ka o tameshite miyō to omotte sa no mondō o shite mita.
      To judge just how uneducated he was, I posed the following question.

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jwa)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jwa, McCune-Reischauer: chwa)
  • Name (hangeul): ()
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tả, , huy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.