巫女

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Japanese[edit]

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Kanji in this term
Hyōgaiji Grade: 1
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巫女(明治神宮

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese. Originally a compound of (mi, spirit, god) +‎ (ko, child). The kanji spelling 巫女 appears to be ateji.

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

巫女 (hiragana みこ, romaji miko)

  1. An unmarried woman who serves at a Shintō shrine, helping to receive visitors and performing 神楽 (kagura) dances at ceremonies, among other responsibilities.
  2. An unmarried woman who serves a deity as a medium to convey oracles.
Usage notes[edit]

Using the alternate spelling 神子, a miko could be of either gender, but unmarried young women are by far the most common.

Synonyms[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sinitic 巫女.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

巫女 (hiragana ふじょ, historical hiragana ふぢょ, romaji fujo)

  1. An unmarried woman who serves a deity as a medium to convey oracles.
Synonyms[edit]

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin wūnǚ
Zhuyin ㄨ ㄋㄩˇ
IPA (key) /u⁵⁵ ny²¹⁴⁻²¹⁽⁴⁾/

Noun[edit]

巫女 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin wūnǚ)

  1. a Japanese female shaman