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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事); while current form  +  (with distorted 羊), this is not the historical development, and it is not related to or .

Han character[edit]

(radical 48 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿手一 (TQM), four-corner 80211, composition)

  1. to differ
  2. different, wrong
  3. nearly, almost
  4. an officer

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 326, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8732
  • Dae Jaweon: page 629, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 413, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5DEE

Chinese[edit]

 
differ from; short of; to lack; poor; send; a messenger; a mission; to commission; uneven; difference; discrepancy; to differ; error; to err; to make a mistake
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (差), Pronunciation 1/5

Initial: 初 (19)
Final: 支
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 楚宜切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰiᴇ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰie̯/ /t͡ʃʰie/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiɛ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiə̆/ /t͡ʃʰǐe/ /t͡ʃʰjɛ/
Character (差), Pronunciation 2/5

Initial: 初 (19)
Final: 佳
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 楚佳切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɣɛ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰai/ /t͡ʃʰɛ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɯæ/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨj/ /t͡ʃʰai/ /t͡ʃʰæi/
Character (差), Pronunciation 3/5

Initial: 初 (19)
Final: 皆
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 楚皆切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɣɛi/ /ʈ͡ʂʰăi/ /t͡ʃʰɛi/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɯæi/ /ʈ͡ʂʰəɨj/ /t͡ʃʰɐi/ /t͡ʃʰɐi/
Character (差), Pronunciation 4/5

Initial: 初 (19)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 初加切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɣa/ /ʈ͡ʂʰa/ /t͡ʃʰa/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɯa/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨ/ /t͡ʃʰa/ /t͡ʃʰa/
Character (差), Pronunciation 5/5

Initial: 初 (19)
Final: 佳
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 楚懈切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɣɛH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaiH/ /t͡ʃʰɛH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɯæH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰaɨjH/ /t͡ʃʰaiH/ /t͡ʃʰæiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
chā ‹ tsrhae › /*tsʰraj/ distinction; to select
chāi ‹ tsrhea › /*[tsʰ]raj/ distinction; to select
chāi ‹ tsrheaj › /*[tsʰ](ˤ)raj/ distinction; to select
‹ tsrhje › /*tsʰraj/ 參差 uneven
cuō ‹ tsha › /*[tsʰ]ˤaj/ rub, polish, file (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
18029 1 /*sʰraːl/
18030 1 /*sʰraːls/
18037 2 /*sʰreːl/ 金文上從來,本指以手揀麥子分等次,左亦聲
18038 2 /*sʰreːl/
18039 2 /*sʰreːls/ 見方言後作瘥
18042 1 /*sʰral/ 見孟子

Verb[edit]

  1. to differ from
  2. to fall short of

Adjective[edit]

  1. wanting
  2. short of
    • John 1.6
      有一个人,是从神那里来的,名叫约翰。
      Yǒu yīge rén, shì cóng Shén nàli chāi lái de, míngjiào John.
      There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji sa)

  1. difference

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cha, chi) (hangeul , , revised cha, chi, McCune-Reischauer ch'a, ch'i)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sai, sái, si, sươi, sau, sây)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.