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See also: and

Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Etymology[edit]

Ideogram (指事); while current form  +  (with distorted 羊), this is not the historical development, and it is not related to or .

Han character[edit]

(radical 48 +7, 10 strokes, cangjie input 廿手一 (TQM), four-corner 80211, composition)

  1. to differ
  2. different, wrong
  3. nearly, almost
  4. an officer

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 326, character 2
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8732
  • Dae Jaweon: page 629, character 12
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 413, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5DEE

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping caa1, caai1, ci1, Yale cha1, chaai1, chi1)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana , romaji sa)

  1. difference

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cha, chi) (hangeul , , revised cha, chi, McCune-Reischauer ch'a, ch'i)

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Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin chà (cha4), chā (cha1), chāi (chai1), (ci1), zhào (zhao4), Wade-Giles ch'a4, ch'a1, ch'ai1, tz'u1, chao4)

Verb[edit]

(traditional and simplified)

  1. to differ from
  2. to fall short of

Adjective[edit]

(traditional and simplified)

  1. wanting
  2. short of
    • John 1.6
      有一个人,是从神那里来的,名叫约翰。
      Yǒu yīge rén, shì cóng Shén nàli chāi lái de, míngjiào John.
      There was a man sent from God, whose name was John.

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*chriɛ)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA tsha (tsha1), tshe (tshe1), tsua̍h (tsuah8), tshai (tshai1))

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References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(sai, sái, si, sươi, sau, sây)

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