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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
己-bw.png
Stroke order
己-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

己
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Pictogram (象形): a loom with thread.

The character originally meant "to unravel" and was later borrowed to represent one of the ten heavenly stems. The derivative was created for the original word.

Han character[edit]

(radical 49 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 尸山 (SU), four-corner 17717)

  1. self, oneself
  2. personal, private
  3. the sixth of the ten heavenly stems

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 326, character 9
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 630, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 983, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5DF1

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (己), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 之
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 居里切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɨX/ /kiX/ /kiəX/ /kɨX/ /kɨX/ /kĭəX/ /kieX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kiX › /*k(r)əәʔ/ 6th heavenly stem
‹ kiX › /*k(r)əәʔ/ self

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5765 0 /*kɯʔ/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gi) (hangeul , revised gi, McCune-Reischauer ki)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(kỷ, kỉ, anh)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.