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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 50 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 火月口中月 (FBRLB), four-corner 90227, composition ⿱⿱)

  1. common, normal, frequent, regular, often
  2. a Chinese surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 333, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 8955
  • Dae Jaweon: page 639, character 13
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 744, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5E38

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (常), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 常 (25)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 市羊切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑɨɐŋ/ /ʑi̯aŋ/ /ʑiaŋ/ /d͡ʑiɐŋ/ /d͡ʑɨaŋ/ /ʑĭaŋ/ /d͡ʑiɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cháng ‹ dzyang › /*[d]aŋ/ constant

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
11152 0 /*djaŋ/

Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Etymology[edit]

tokotopa → tokotoɸa → tokotowa.

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とこ, romaji toko)

  1. eternal
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とことわ, romaji tokotowa, historical hiragana とことは)

  1. permanence

Noun[edit]

(hiragana とことば, romaji tokotoba)

  1. permanence

Noun[edit]

(hiragana つね, romaji tsune)

  1. always
Derived terms[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きた, romaji kita)

  1. a unit used to measure the length of cloth
  2. a unit for measuring the area of a field

Noun[edit]

(hiragana きだ, romaji kida)

  1. a unit used to measure the length of cloth
  2. a unit for measuring the area of a field
Compounds[edit]

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thường, sàn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.