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See also: , , , , , , and 𡕒

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
干-bw.png
Stroke order
干-order.gif
simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a pestle.

Exists as a traditional character, and also a simplification of two traditional characters: Simplified from  and .

干 干 干
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 51 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一十 (MJ), four-corner 10400)

  1. oppose, offend
  2. invade, higher
  3. dried
  4. godparent

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]


Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , , Yale gon1)


Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ kon, Guangdong kon1, kon5, Hagfa Pinyim gon1)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to dry

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 干渉 (かんしょう, kanshō)
  • 干魃 (かんばつ, kanbatsu)
  • 干天 (かんてん, kanten)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gan, gang) (hangeul [[, ]], revised gan, gang, McCune-Reischauer kan, kang)


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , , , ), Pinyin gān (gan1), gàn (gan4), Wade-Giles kan1, kan4)

Adjective[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin gān, traditional , , )

  1. dry
    我喉咙很。 wǒ hóulóng hěn gān.
    My throat feels dry.
  2. clean
    干净 clean
  3. adoptive; foster

Adverb[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin gān, traditional , , )

  1. in vain; for nothing

Proper noun[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin gān, traditional )

  1. A surname​.

Verb[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin gān)

  1. to concern; to be implicated in

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin gān)

  1. (archaic) shield

Noun[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin gàn, traditional )

  1. trunk
  2. main part

Verb[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin gàn, traditional )

  1. to do
    你在什么? nǐ zài gàn shénme?
    What are you doing?
  2. to work
    干活 to work
    你是什么的? nǐ shì gàn shénmede?
    What is your 'job?
  3. to interfere
    干涉 to interfere, to meddle; 干扰 interference
  4. (vulgar, colloquial) to engage in sexual intercourse, to fuck
    干你妈! gàn nǐ mā!
    Fuck you!
  5. (vulgar, colloquial) to kill

Compounds[edit]

gān

gàn

References[edit]

  • "" (in Mandarin/English), MDBG English to Chinese dictionary ( Based on CC-CEDICT ). URL accessed on 2014-03-17.

Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA kan (kan1))

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(can, cơn, càn, cán)