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See also: , , , , , , and 𡕒

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
干-bw.png
Stroke order
干-order.gif
 
to concern; to interfere; shield; stem
simp. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a pestle.

Exists as a traditional character, and also a simplification of two traditional characters: Simplified from and .

干 干 干
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 51 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一十 (MJ), four-corner 10400)

  1. oppose, offend
  2. invade, higher
  3. dried
  4. godparent

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 339, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9165
  • Dae Jaweon: page 645, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 405, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5E72

Chinese[edit]

 
to concern; to interfere; shield; stem
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (干), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古寒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kan/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
gān ‹ kan › /*[k]ˤar/ pole
gān ‹ kan › /*kˤa[r]/ shield (n.)
gān ‹ kan › /*kˤar/ piece, item
gān ‹ kan › /*kˤar/ (placename)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
3570 1 /*kaːn/

Adjective[edit]

  1. dry
  2. clean
  3. adoptive; foster

Adverb[edit]

  1. in vain; for nothing

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​. Gan
  2. Short for 天干.

 
to concern; to interfere; shield; stem
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Verb[edit]

  1. to concern; to be implicated in

Noun[edit]

  1. (archaic) shield
  2. (literary) bank; edge of water bodies

 
to concern; to interfere; shield; stem
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

  1. trunk
  2. main part

Verb[edit]

  1. to do
  2. to manage
  3. to work
  4. to interfere
  5. (vulgar, colloquial) to engage in sexual intercourse, to fuck
  6. (vulgar, colloquial) to kill
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to dry

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 干渉 (かんしょう, kanshō)
  • 干魃 (かんばつ, kanbatsu)
  • 干天 (かんてん, kanten)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gan, gang) (hangeul , , revised gan, gang, McCune-Reischauer kan, kang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(can, cơn, càn, cán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.