Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: , , , , , , and 𡕒

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
干-bw.png
Stroke order
干-order.gif
simpl.
trad. //干

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a pestle.

Exists as a traditional character, and also a simplification of two traditional characters: Simplified from and .

干 干 干
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 51 +0, 3 strokes, cangjie input 一十 (MJ), four-corner 10400)

  1. oppose, offend
  2. invade, higher
  3. dried
  4. godparent

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 339, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9165
  • Dae Jaweon: page 645, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 405, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+5E72

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad. //干

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (干), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 寒
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 古寒切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/ /kan/ /kɑn/ /kɑn/

Adjective[edit]

  1. dry
    我喉咙很。 wǒ hóulóng hěn gān.
    My throat feels dry.
  2. clean
    干净 clean
  3. adoptive; foster

Adverb[edit]

  1. in vain; for nothing

Proper noun[edit]

  1. A surname​.

Verb[edit]

  1. to concern; to be implicated in

Noun[edit]

  1. (archaic) shield

Noun[edit]

  1. trunk
  2. main part

Verb[edit]

  1. to do
    你在什么? nǐ zài gàn shénme?
    What are you doing?
  2. to work
    干活 to work
    你是什么的? nǐ shì gàn shénmede?
    What is your 'job?
  3. to interfere
    干涉 to interfere, to meddle; 干扰 interference
  4. (vulgar, colloquial) to engage in sexual intercourse, to fuck
    干你妈! gàn nǐ mā!
    Fuck you!
  5. (vulgar, colloquial) to kill
Compounds[edit]

gān

gàn

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 6 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. to dry

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 干渉 (かんしょう, kanshō)
  • 干魃 (かんばつ, kanbatsu)
  • 干天 (かんてん, kanten)

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gan, gang) (hangeul , , revised gan, gang, McCune-Reischauer kan, kang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(can, cơn, càn, cán)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.