弓弦

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Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

弓弦

  1. bowstring

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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弓弦: Japanese bowstring and 弦巻 (tsurumaki, woven bowstring winder).
Kanji in this term
Grade: 2 Grade: S

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese. Compound of (yu, bow) +‎ (tsuru, string, line).[1] The tsuru changes to zuru due to rendaku (連濁).

Probably the original reading, given the etymology of the yu and yumi readings for .

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

弓弦 (hiragana ゆづる, romaji yuzuru)

  1. a bowstring
    • c. 759: Man'yōshū (book 11, poem #2638); text here
      梓弓 末之腹野尓 鷹田為 君之弓食之 将絶跡念甕屋
      梓弓 末のはら野に 鳥狩する 君が弓弦の 絶えむと思へや
      あづさゆみ すゑのはらのに とがりする きみがゆづるの たえむとおもへや
      Azusa yumi / sue no harano ni / togari suru / kimi ga yuzuru no / taemu to omoe ya
      Think about your bowstring snapping as you go off hunting birds in the far fields with your catalpa bow
Idioms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Japanese. Compound of (yumi, bow) +‎ (tsuru, string, line).[1] The tsuru changes to zuru due to rendaku (連濁).

Probably a later reading, given the etymology of the yu and yumi readings for .

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Kun'yomi
  • みずる (Heiban)[2]
  • IPA(key): [jɯᵝmizɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ], [jɯᵝmid͡zɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ] (second reading is dialectal)

Noun[edit]

弓弦 (hiragana ゆみづる, romaji yumizuru)

  1. a bowstring
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Alteration from yumizuru reading.[1]

/jumizuru/ > /junzuru/

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Kun'yomi
  • んずる (Heiban)[2]
  • IPA(key): [jɯ̃ᵝɴzɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ], [jɯ̃ᵝɴd͡zɯᵝɾ̠ɯᵝ] (second reading is dialectical)

Noun[edit]

Template:noun

  1. a bowstring

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3