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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +1, 4 strokes, cangjie input 弓中 (NL), X弓中 (XNL), four-corner 17527)

  1. condole, mourn, pity
  2. hang

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 356, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9698
  • Dae Jaweon: page 671, character 27
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 989, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5F14

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (弔), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 蕭
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 多嘯切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/teuH/ /tieuH/ /teuH/ /teuH/ /tɛwH/ /tieuH/ /teuH/
Character (弔), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 端 (5)
Final: 錫
Division: IV

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 都歷切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/tek̚/ /tiek̚/ /tek̚/ /tek̚/ /tɛjk̚/ /tiek̚/ /tɛk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
diào ‹ tek › /*tˤ[i]wk/ arrive
diào ‹ tewH › /*tˤ[e]wk-s/ grieved; condole

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
2361 3 /*tiːwɢs/
2363 2 /*tiːwɢ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jo, jeok) (hangeul , , revised jo, jeok, McCune-Reischauer cho, chŏk, Yale co, cek)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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