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Translingual[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (insect)

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 弓戈中戈 (NILI), four-corner 13236, composition𧈧)

  1. strong, powerful, energetic
  2. A (typically male) given name

References[edit]


Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (強), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 群 (30)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 巨良切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɡɨɐŋ/ /gi̯aŋ/ /ɡiaŋ/ /ɡiɐŋ/ /gɨaŋ/ /ɡĭaŋ/ /ɡiɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

  1. strong
  2. powerful
  3. potent

Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Compounds[edit]

  • 頑強 (がんきょう, gankyō)
  • 強圧 (きょうあつ, kyōatsu)
  • 強化 (きょうか, kyōka)
  • 強悍 (きょうかん, kyōkan)
  • 強諫 (こうれん, kōren)
  • 強顔 (きょうがん, kyōgan)
  • 強幹弱枝 (きょうかんじゃくし, kyōkanjakushi)
  • 強記 (きょうき, kyōki)
  • 強禦 (きょうぎょ, kyōgyo)
  • 強圉 (きょうぎょ, kyōgyo)
  • 強肩 (きょうけん, kyōken)
  • 強健 (きょうけん, kyōken)
  • 強権 (きょうけん, kyōken)
  • 強固 (きょうこ, kyōko)
  • 強行 (きょうこう, kyōkō)
  • 強攻 (きょうこう, kyōkō)
  • 強硬 (きょうこう, kyōkō)
  • 強梗 (きょうこう, kyōkō)
  • 強豪 (きょうごう, kyōgō)
  • 強行軍 (きょうこうぐん, kyōkōgun)
  • 強仕 (きょうし, kyōshi)
  • 強死 (きょうし, kyōshi)
  • 強志 (きょうし, kyōshi)
  • 強弱 (きょうじゃく, kyōjaku)
  • 強襲 (きょうしゅう, kyōshū)
  • 強恕 (きょうじょ, kyōjo)
  • 強靭 (きょうじん, kyōjin)
  • 強制 (きょうせい, kyōsei)
  • 強請 (きょうせい, kyōsei)
  • 強僭 (きょうせん, kyōsen)
  • 強壮 (きょうそう, kyōsō)
  • 強大 (きょうだい, kyōdai)
  • 強調 (きょうちょう, kyōchō)
  • 強弩 (きょうど, kyōdo)
  • 強忍 (きょうにん, kyōnin)
  • 強迫 (きょうはく, kyōhaku)
  • 強迫観念 (きょうはくかんねん, kyōhakukannen)
  • 強半 (きょうはん, kyōhan)
  • 強風 (きょうふう, kyōhū)
  • 強弁 (きょうべん, kyōben)
  • 強暴 (きょうぼう, kyōbō)
  • 強要 (きょうよう, kyōyō)
  • 強梁 (きょうりょう, kyōryō)
  • 強力 (きょうりょく, kyōryoku)
  • 強烈 (きょうれつ, kyōretsu)
  • 屈強 (くっきょう, kukkyō)
  • 堅強 (けんきょう, kenkyō)
  • 牽強 (けんきょう, kenkyō)
  • 件強 (けんきょう, kenkyō)
  • 強引 (ごういん, gōin)
  • 強姦 (ごうかん, gōkan)
  • 強情 (ごうじょう, gōjō)
  • 強訴 (ごうそ, gōso)
  • 強奪 (ごうだつ, gōdatsu)
  • 強談 (ごうだん, gōdan)
  • 強談威迫 (ごうだにはく, gōdanihaku)
  • 強盗 (ごうとう, gōtō)
  • 強飯 (こわめし, kowameshi)
  • 強欲 (ごうよく, gōyoku)
  • 強力犯 (ごうりきはん, gōrikihan)
  • 強強 (つよつよ, tsuyotsuyo)
  • 強談判 (こわだんぱん, kowadanpan)
  • 強面 (こわもて, kowamote)
  • 強気 (つよき, tsuyoki)
  • 強腰 (つよごし, tsuyogosi)
  • 強吟 (つよぎん, tsuyogin)
  • 富強 (ふきょう, hukyō)
  • 勉強 (べんきょう, benkyō)
  • 補強 (ほきょう, hokyō)
  • 列強 (れっきょう, rekkyō)

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana つよし, romaji Tsuyoshi)

  1. A male given name

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gang) (hangeul , revised gang, McCune-Reischauer kang, Yale kang)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Adverb[edit]

(càng)

  1. With a comparative or verb phrase, establishes a parallel with one or more other such comparatives.
    • 18th–19th century: Hồ Xuân Hương, "Vịnh quạt" [1][2]
      (càng)(nóng)(bao)(nhiêu)(thời)(càng)(mát)/(yêu)(đêm)(chưa)(phỉ)(lại)(yêu)𣈜(ngày)
      The hotter you get, the more refreshing you get / It wasn’t enough to love at night, now we love during the day.
  2. all the more, all the less

References[edit]

  • Lê Sơn Thanh, "Nom-Viet.dat", WinVNKey (details)
  • Thiều Chửu : Hán Việt Tự Điển Hà Nội 1942
  • Trần Văn Chánh: Từ Điển Hán Việt NXB Trẻ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999
  • Vũ Văn Kính: Đại Tự Điển Chữ Nôm , NXB Văn Nghệ, Ho Chi Minh Ville, 1999