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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 57 +19, 22 strokes, cangjie input 女火弓 (VFN), four-corner 22207, composition)

Definition[edit]

  1. bend, curve

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 361, character 28
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 9904
  • Dae Jaweon: page 680, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1005, character 22
  • Unihan data for U+5F4E

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Glyph origin[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (bow) + phonetic , "to draw a bow".

Etymology[edit]

May be cognate with .

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (彎), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 影 (34)
Final: 刪
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 烏關切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ʔɣuan/ /ʔwan/ /ʔuan/ /ʔʷɯan/ /ʔwaɨn/ /wan/ /ʔuɐn/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8626 3 /*qroːn/

Definitions[edit]

  1. to bend, to make bent
  2. to draw a bow
  3. bent, curved, crooked, arched
  4. (neologism, opposite of (“straight”)) gay, homosexual
  5. a bend, turn, curve, crook
  6. ()
    1. a bend in a river
    2. a bend in the coastline; bay, gulf
  7. Classifier for bent objects, such as a quarter moon.

Descendants[edit]

Sino-Xenic (彎):


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. bend, curve
  2. stretching a bow

Readings[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Kanji in this term
わん
Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

From Middle Chinese (*quan). Compare modern Mandarin traditional and simplified (wān).

Note that this character is replaced in modern Japanese by the simplified character (wan), rather than the simplified Chinese character (wān, bend, curve). The Japanese simplified version means bay or inlet when used on its own, but now also includes the bend, curve meanings when used in compounds.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(kyūjitai kanji, shinjitai kanji , hiragana わん, romaji wan)

  1. a bend, a curve

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(man) (hangeul , revised man, McCune-Reischauer man, Yale man)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(loan, thoăn)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.