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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (walk) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 60 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹人人人人 (HOOOO), four-corner 28281, composition)

  1. from, by, since, whence, through

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 368, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10152
  • Dae Jaweon: page 692, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 829, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5F9E

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Jyutping cung4, Yale chung4)

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Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ tshîung, tsíung, Guangdong ts'iung2, tsiung3, siung5 [Kwangtung, Meixian]; ts'iung2, tsiung3 [Hailu, Siyan]; ts'iung2 [Bao'an, Dongguan, Hong Kong], Hagfa Pinyim qiung2, jiung3)

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References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jong) (hangeul , revised jong, McCune-Reischauer chong, Yale cong)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(simplified , Pinyin cóng (cong2), Wade-Giles ts'ung2)

Preposition[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin cóng)

  1. from
  2. from (a time) ; since;
  3. through; via
    • 清風窗口 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
      Yī zhèn qīngfēng cóng chuāngkǒu chuī lái. [Pinyin]
      A cool breeze came in through the window.
  4. past (a place)


Adverb[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin cóng)

  1. (followed by negative) never; ever
    • 以前 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
      Wǒ yǐqián cóng méi jiàn guò tā. [Pinyin]
      I have never seen her before
    • 違約 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
      cóng bù wéiyuē. [Pinyin]
      I never break my promise.

Prefix[edit]

(simplified, Pinyin cóng, traditional )

  1. prefix for cousins relatioship indicating a common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor
    • 從兄 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]cóngxiōng [Pinyin] — male cousin (paternal side)

Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(TLPA tsiông (tsiong5), tshiong (tshiong1), tsîng (tsing5))

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References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tòng, tùng, thủng, tuồng, thong, thung, thùng, tồng, tụng)

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References[edit]