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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (walk) + phonetic 

Han character[edit]

(radical 60 +8, 11 strokes, cangjie input 竹人人人人 (HOOOO), four-corner 28281, composition)

  1. from, by, since, whence, through

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 368, character 18
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10152
  • Dae Jaweon: page 692, character 14
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 829, character 12
  • Unihan data for U+5F9E

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (從), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 疾容切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɨoŋ/ /d͡zʱi̯woŋ/ /d͡zioŋ/ /d͡zioŋ/ /d͡zuawŋ/ /d͡zĭwoŋ/ /d͡zioŋ/
Character (從), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 七恭切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰɨoŋ/ /t͡sʰi̯woŋ/ /t͡sʰioŋ/ /t͡sʰioŋ/ /t͡sʰuawŋ/ /t͡sʰĭwoŋ/ /t͡sʰioŋ/
Character (從), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 鍾
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 疾用切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zɨoŋH/ /d͡zʱi̯woŋH/ /d͡zioŋH/ /d͡zioŋH/ /d͡zuawŋH/ /d͡zĭwoŋH/ /d͡zioŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
cóng ‹ dzjowng › /*[dz]oŋ/ to follow
zōng ‹ tsjowng › /*tsoŋ/ longitudinal
zòng ‹ dzjowngH › /*[dz]oŋ-s/ follower

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1856 0 /*zloŋ/
1858 0 /*zloŋ/
1859 0 /*zloŋs/

Preposition[edit]

  1. from
  2. from (a time) ; since;
  3. through; via
    • 清風窗口 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
      Yī zhèn qīngfēng cóng chuāngkǒu chuī lái. [Pinyin]
      A cool breeze came in through the window.
  4. past (a place)

Adverb[edit]

  1. (followed by negative) never; ever
    • 以前 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
      Wǒ yǐqián cóng méi jiàn guò tā. [Pinyin]
      I have never seen her before
    • 違約 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]
      cóng bù wéiyuē. [Pinyin]
      I never break my promise.

Prefix[edit]

  1. prefix for cousins relatioship indicating a common paternal grandfather or earlier ancestor
    • 從兄 [Beijing Mandarin, MSC, trad.]cóngxiōng [Pinyin] — male cousin (paternal side)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jong) (hangeul , revised jong, McCune-Reischauer chong, Yale cong)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tòng, tùng, thủng, tuồng, thong, thung, thùng, tồng, tụng)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]