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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
心-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)
  • (sometimes when used as a bottom Chinese radical, like )

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a heart, now highly stylized.

心 心 心
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心 (P), four-corner 33000)

  1. heart
  2. mind, intelligence
  3. soul
  4. center, core

Usage notes[edit]

When written as a bottom radical, similar to , but distinguished by the second stroke from the left being longer, and passing under the third stroke from the left – this is an important composition detail.

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 375, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 700, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2267, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5FC3

Cantonese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping sam1, Yale sam1)

  1. heart

Hakka[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ sim, Guangdong sim1, Hagfa Pinyim xim1)

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Phrases[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/ko2ko2ro2/: *[kəkərə] > [kokoro].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こころ, romaji kokoro)

  1. mind, heart, spirit, soul; thoughts, ideas
  2. attention, mind, interest
  3. heart, feelings, emotion, emotional state
  4. wholeheartedness, sincerity, true heart
  5. sympathy, heart, consideration, generous disposition
  6. meaning, essence; answer (as to a riddle)

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with ura (inside).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うら, romaji ura)

  1. inner feelings; heart

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しん, romaji shin)

  1. heart, mind, core; spirit, vitality; inner strength, marrow
  2. core (as of a fruit); wick; lead (as of a pencil); padding
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sim)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sim, McCune-Reischauer: sim, Yale: sim)

Compounds[edit]


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin xīn (xin1), Wade-Giles hsin1)

Noun[edit]

(traditional and simplified, Pinyin xīn)

  1. heart
  2. mind
  3. intention
  4. center, core

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*sim)


Min Nan[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(POJ sim, TLPA sim (sim1), Guangdong sim1)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tâm, tấm, tim)


Wu[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Shanghai) (Taihu Wu): ɕiɲ(52)

References[edit]