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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
心-order.gif

Alternative forms[edit]

  • (when used as a left Chinese radical)
  • (sometimes when used as a bottom Chinese radical, like )

Etymology[edit]

Pictogram (象形) – a heart, now highly stylized.

心 心 心
Oracle bone script Bronze inscriptions Large seal script Small seal script

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +0, 4 strokes, cangjie input 心 (P), four-corner 33000)

Usage notes[edit]

When written as a bottom radical, similar to , but distinguished by the second stroke from the left being longer, and passing under the third stroke from the left – this is an important composition detail.

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 375, character 1
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10295
  • Dae Jaweon: page 700, character 5
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2267, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+5FC3

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (心), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 侵
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 息林切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/siɪm/ /si̯əm/ /siəm/ /sim/ /sim/ /sĭĕm/ /sjem/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xīn ‹ sim › /*səәm/ heart

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13801 1 /*slɯm/

Noun[edit]

  1. (Beginning Chinese, literary) heart
  2. mind
  3. intention
  4. center, core

Compounds[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 2 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Phrases[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

/ko2ko2ro2/: *[kəkərə] > [kokoro].

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana こころ, romaji kokoro)

  1. mind, heart, spirit, soul; thoughts, ideas
  2. attention, mind, interest
  3. heart, feelings, emotion, emotional state
  4. wholeheartedness, sincerity, true heart
  5. sympathy, heart, consideration, generous disposition
  6. meaning, essence; answer (as to a riddle)

Etymology 2[edit]

Cognate with ura (inside).

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

(hiragana うら, romaji ura)

  1. inner feelings; heart

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Phonetik.svg This entry needs pronunciation information. If you are familiar with the IPA then please add some!

Noun[edit]

(hiragana しん, romaji shin)

  1. heart, mind, core; spirit, vitality; inner strength, marrow
  2. core (as of a fruit); wick; lead (as of a pencil); padding
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sim)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: sim, McCune-Reischauer: sim, Yale: sim)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Compounds[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tâm, tấm, tim)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.