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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
志-bw.png
simpl.
trad. 志 or

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic .

Note that the top has been simplified and is now graphically 士 (the left vertical mark has migrated up the main vertical, becoming horizontal). This simplified form is found in seal characters, where it coexisted with forms where the top was more recognizably 止.

Also simplified from Simplified from (elimination of ) (elimination of 言).

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +3, 7 strokes, cangjie input 土心 (GP), four-corner 40331, composition)

  1. purpose, will, determination, aspiration, ambition
  2. annals
  3. to write, to record (simplification of )

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 376, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10331
  • Dae Jaweon: page 703, character 7
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2269, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5FD7

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Jyutping zi3, Yale ji3)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]

Trivia[edit]

This is one of only three everyday kanji with a 5 morae reading, and one of only two nouns, namely (こころざし, kokorozashi) (nominalization of form of verb 志す (こころざす, kokorozasu), which has a 4 morae reading). The only other kanji with a 5 morae reading are , in the verb 承る ((うけたまわ)る, uketamawa-ru), and (みことのり, mikotonori), and no everyday kanji have a 6 or more morae reading.

The unusually long reading is due to two factors: 志 is a nominalization of the verb 志す which has a long reading (4 morae, kokoroza-su), which itself is a noun-verb compound, 心指す kokoro-za(su). The nominalization removing the okurigana, hence increasing the reading by one morae, yielding 4+1=5, or more finely 3+(1+1)=5 (compare common (はなし, hanashi) 2+1=3, from 話す (はなす, hana-su)).


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ji) (hangeul , revised ji, McCune-Reischauer chi, Yale ci)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(traditional , Pinyin zhì (zhi4), Wade-Giles chih4)

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Compounds[edit]

Traditional 志:

Traditional 誌:


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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