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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old Chinese *niəm (Middle Chinese 去), *njəm (MC 上) (Li Fanggui (1971)). Cognate with Old Tibetan ཉམ, ཉམས (nyam(s), soul, mind, heart), སྙམ་པ (snyam-pa, to think, to mind).[1]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +4, 8 strokes, cangjie input 人戈弓心 (OINP), four-corner 80332, composition)

  1. think of, recall, study
  2. (same as 廿) twenty (20)

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 378, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10390
  • Dae Jaweon: page 706, character 21
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2274, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+5FF5
  1. ^ 《汉藏语同源词综探》,全广镇

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping nim6, Yale nim6)


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 4 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Noun[edit]

(hiragana ねん, romaji nen)

  1. sense
  2. feeling

Compounds[edit]

  • 念仏 (ねんぶつ, nenbutsu)
  • 四念処 (しねんじょ, shinenjo) : Maha SatiPatthana

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(nyeom, yeom) (hangeul [[, ]], revised nyeom, nyum, yeom, yum, McCune-Reischauer nyŏm, yŏm, Yale nyem, yem)


Mandarin[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin niàn (nian4), Wade-Giles nien4)

Compounds[edit]


Middle Chinese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(*nèm)


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(niệm, niềm, núm)