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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  (slave) – angry, a slave to one’s passions.

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 女水心 (VEP), four-corner 47334, composition)

  1. anger, rage, passion
  2. angry

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 380, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10439
  • Dae Jaweon: page 708, character 8
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2282, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+6012

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (怒), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 奴古切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nuoX/ /nuoX/ /noX/ /nuoX/ /nɔX/ /nuX/ /noX/
Character (怒), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 泥 (8)
Final: 模
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 乃故切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/nuoH/ /nuoH/ /noH/ /nuoH/ /nɔH/ /nuH/ /noH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ nuX › /*C.nˤaʔ/ angry
‹ nuH › /*C.nˤaʔ-s/ anger, angry; vigorous

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9608 0 /*naːʔ/
9610 0 /*naːs/
Compounds[edit]

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(no) (hangeul , revised no, McCune-Reischauer no, Yale no)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(nộ)

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