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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (heart)

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +5, 9 strokes, cangjie input 弓一心 (NMP), 弓尸心 (NSP), four-corner 27337, composition)

  1. quick, quickly
  2. urgent, pressing

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 381, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10475
  • Dae Jaweon: page 710, character 6
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2281, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6025

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (急), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 緝
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 居立切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kiɪp̚/ /ki̯əp̚/ /kiəp̚/ /kip̚/ /kip̚/ /kĭĕp̚/ /kjep̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ kip › /*[k](r)əәp/ urgent

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
5658 1 /*krɯb/

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Adjectival noun[edit]

(-na inflection, hiragana きゅう, romaji kyū)

  1. sudden
  2. immediate, rapid

Inflection[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(geup) (hangeul , revised geup, McCune-Reischauer kŭp, Yale kup)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(cấp, gấp, kép, kíp, quắp)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.