恐縮

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
きょう
Grade: S
しゅく
Grade: 6
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

(きょう, kyō: “awful”, "fear") + (しゅく, shuku: “shrink”)

Adjectival noun[edit]

恐縮 (-na inflection, hiragana きょうしゅく, romaji kyōshuku)

  1. feeling thankfulness
  2. feeling awfulness
  3. feeling pity or sorry
  4. feeling shame

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

恐縮 (hiragana きょうしゅく, romaji kyōshuku)

  1. an attitude of feeling thankfulness
     (えき)まで (むか)えにきて (いただ)いて恐縮 (きょうしゅく)です。
    eki made mukae ni kite itada ite kyōshuku desu.
    I feel thankfulness to you for coming to the station to pick me up.
  2. an attitude of feeling awfulness
    恐縮 (きょうしゅく)ですが、もう一杯 (いっぱい) (はん)のお ()わりを (くだ)さい。
    Kyōshuku desu ga, mō ippai go-han no okawari o kudasai.
    I'm awful, but could you give me one more rice?
  3. an attitude of feeling pity or sorry
    顧客 (こきゃく)原稿 (げんこう) () ()りを2日間切 (ふつかかんき) ()げました。恐縮 (きょうしゅく)ですが、作業 (さぎょう) (いそ)いで (くだ)さい。
    kokyaku ga genkō no shimekiri o futsukakan kiriagemashita. kyōshuku desu ga, sagyō o isoide kudasai.
    Our customers requested two days' reduction of the due date of the manuscript. I feel sorry but please speed up the editing.
  4. an attitude of feeling shame
     (わたし)失敗 (しっぱい)によりご迷惑 (めいわく)をおかけし恐縮 (きょうしゅく)です。
    watashi no shippai ni yori go-meiwaku o o-kake shi kyōshuku desu.
    I feel shame for causing trouble because of my mistake.

Verb[edit]

恐縮 + する (hiragana きょうしゅくする, romaji kyōshuku suru)

  1. To feel thankfulness
  2. To feel awfulness
  3. To feel pity or sorry
  4. To feel shame

Conjugation[edit]