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See also: xiang

Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
想-bw.png
Stroke order
想-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): phonetic  + semantic  (heart, mind) – to think, to consider.

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +9, 13 strokes, cangjie input 木山心 (DUP), four-corner 46330, composition)

  1. think, speculate, plan, consider

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 392, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10858
  • Dae Jaweon: page 728, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2320, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+60F3

Chinese[edit]

 
to think; to believe; to suppose; to wish; to want; to miss
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (想), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 心 (16)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 息兩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/sɨɐŋX/ /si̯aŋX/ /siaŋX/ /siɐŋX/ /sɨaŋX/ /sĭaŋX/ /siɑŋX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
xiǎng ‹ sjangX › /*[s]aŋʔ/ think

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
13585 0 /*slaŋʔ/

Verb[edit]

  1. think (to conceive of something or someone)
  2. to think about; to plan; to be considering
  3. to think; to suppose; to guess; to reckon
  4. to want; to wish for; to desire
  5. to miss (to feel the absence of someone or something)
Compounds[edit]

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 3 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(sang) (hangeul , revised sang, McCune-Reischauer sang, Yale sang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tưởng)

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