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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 心竹日土 (PHAG), four-corner 96014, composition)

  1. fearful, afraid, anxious, nervous

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 392, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10863
  • Dae Jaweon: page 728, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2329, character 9
  • Unihan data for U+60F6

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (惶), Pronunciation (1/1)

Initial: 匣 (33)
Final: 唐
Division: I

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 胡光切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ɦwɑŋ/ /ɣwɑŋ/ /ɣuɑŋ/ /ɦʷɑŋ/ /ɦwaŋ/ /ɣuɑŋ/ /ɣuɑŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
12697 0 /*ɡʷaːŋ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(hwang) (hangeul , revised hwang, McCune-Reischauer hwang, Yale hwang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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