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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +9, 12 strokes, cangjie input 心口口尸 (PRRS), four-corner 96027, composition)

  1. startled, alarmed, astonished

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 395, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 10939
  • Dae Jaweon: page 731, character 15
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2328, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+6115

Chinese[edit]

startled
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (愕), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 疑 (31)
Final: 鐸
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Checked (Ø)

Fanqie: 五各切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ŋɑk̚/ /ŋɑk̚/ /ŋɑk̚/ /ŋɑk̚/ /ŋak̚/ /ŋɑk̚/ /ŋɑk̚/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
è ‹ ngak › /*N-qʰˤak/ scared

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
9466 0 /*ŋaːɡ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ak) (hangeul , revised ak, McCune-Reischauer ak, Yale ak)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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