愛人

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
あい
Grade: 4
じん
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Mandarin in the late 1800s as a translation of English terms sweetheart or lover. Compare modern Mandarin 愛人 (àiren).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

愛人 (hiragana あいじん, romaji aijin)

  1. a lover, a mistress
    Implies an extramarital relationship. Most often used by a man in reference to a woman.
  2. (archaic) a sweetheart, a loved one

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Yoshida, Masatoshi et.al. Kodansha's Romanized Japanese-English Dictionary. Tokyo: Kodansha International (JPN), 1993. ISBN 4770016034.

Korean[edit]

Hanja in this word

Noun[edit]

愛人 (aein) (hangeul 애인)

  1. Hanja form? of 애인, “lover”.

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. 爱人
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin àirén  →  àiren (toneless final syllable variant)
Zhuyin ㄞˋ ㄖㄣˊ  →  ㄞˋ ㄖㄣ˙ (toneless final syllable variant)
IPA (key) /ˀaɪ̯⁵¹ ʐən³⁵/  →  /ˀaɪ̯⁵¹ ʐən¹/
Audio
(file)
Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing, erhua-ed)
Pinyin àirénr
Zhuyin ㄞˋ ㄖㄣˊㄦ
IPA (key) /ˀaɪ̯⁵¹ ʐəɻ³⁵/

Noun[edit]

愛人 (traditional, Pinyin àirén, simplified 爱人)

  1. (PRC) spouse, husband or wife
  2. sweetheart, lover

Usage notes[edit]

  • In China mainland, 情人 (qíngrén, lover) usually refers to a partner in an extramarital relationship except in 情人节 (qíngrénjié, Valentine's Day). For a person who loves, 愛人 (àirén, lover) is popular among elder people, while 恋人 (liànrén, lover) is popular among young people.

Min Nan[edit]

simpl. 爱人
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

愛人 (traditional, POJ ài-jîn, ài-lîn, traditional 愛人, simplified 爱人)

  1. sweetheart

References[edit]

  • "愛人" (in Taiwanese/English), On-line Taiwanese/Mandarin Dictionary (台文/華文線頂辭典). URL accessed on 2011-01-29.