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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

形声。from , and is sound. The original meaning is 悲傷 (sad, miserable)

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心人戈口 (POIR), four-corner 98067, composition)

  1. sad, broken-hearted, disconsolate

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 396, character 32
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11008
  • Dae Jaweon: page 735, character 20
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2338, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+6134

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (愴), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 初 (19)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 初兩切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɨɐŋX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰi̯aŋX/ /t͡ʃʰiaŋX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiɐŋX/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɨaŋX/ /t͡ʃʰĭaŋX/ /t͡ʃʰiɑŋX/
Character (愴), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 初 (19)
Final: 陽
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 初亮切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡ʃʰɨɐŋH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰi̯aŋH/ /t͡ʃʰiaŋH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰiɐŋH/ /ʈ͡ʂʰɨaŋH/ /t͡ʃʰĭaŋH/ /t͡ʃʰiɑŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
1142 0 /*sʰraŋʔ/
1144 0 /*sʰraŋs/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(chang) (hangeul , revised chang, McCune-Reischauer ch'ang, Yale chang)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]