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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心人弓木 (POND), four-corner 98017, composition)

  1. anger, wrath, hatred, enmity

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 397, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11029
  • Dae Jaweon: page 736, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2337, character 5
  • Unihan data for U+613E

Chinese[edit]

-
trad.
simp.

Pronunciation[edit]

Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (愾), Pronunciation 1/2

Initial: 曉 (32)
Final: 微
Division: III

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 許旣切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/hɨiH/ /xe̯iH/ /xiəiH/ /hɨiH/ /hɨjH/ /xĭəiH/ /xiəiH/
Character (愾), Pronunciation 2/2

Initial: 溪 (29)
Final: 咍
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 苦蓋切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kʰʌiH/ /kʰɑ̆iH/ /kʰᴀiH/ /kʰəiH/ /kʰəjH/ /kʰɒiH/ /kʰɒiH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
kài ‹ xjɨjH › /*qʰəp-s/ sigh; angry

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
10136 1 /*kʰɯːds/
10145 1 /*qʰɯds/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gae, hui) (hangeul , , revised gae, hui, McCune-Reischauer kae, hŭi, Yale kay, huy)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

References[edit]