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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note the different forms, corresponds to different forms of .

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  – a behavior trait (heart), care, caution. Note that 真 means “truth, genuine, sincerity”, hence connotations of “acting sincerely, with care”.

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +10, 13 strokes, cangjie input 心十月金 (PJBC), four-corner 94081, composition)

  1. act with care, be cautious

References[edit]

  • KangXi: not present, would follow page 398, character 26
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11024
  • Dae Jaweon: page 735, character 35
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2336, character 2
  • Unihan data for U+614E

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
shèn ‹ dzyinH › /*[d]i[n]-s/ careful

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17082 1 /*djins/

Japanese[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

(hiragana しん, romaji Shin)

  1. A male given name

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

  1. humility
  2. be careful
  3. discrete
  4. prudent

Readings[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thận)

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