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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 心戈戈竹 (PIIH), four-corner 93022, composition)

  1. sad, pitiful, wretched
  2. cruel

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 398, character 38
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11094
  • Dae Jaweon: page 738, character 3
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2348, character 11
  • Unihan data for U+6158

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (慘), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 清 (14)
Final: 覃
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 七感切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sʰʌmX/ /t͡sʰămX/ /t͡sʰᴀmX/ /t͡sʰəmX/ /t͡sʰəmX/ /t͡sʰɒmX/ /t͡sʰɒmX/

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(cham, chim) (hangeul , , revised cham, chim, McCune-Reischauer ch'am, ch'im, Yale cham, chim)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(thảm, thom, thỏm)

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