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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 心竹土尸 (PHGS), four-corner 94027, composition)

  1. sadness, grief
  2. mourn
  3. be moved

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 399, character 6
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11103
  • Dae Jaweon: page 738, character 22
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2346, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+615F

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (慟), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 定 (7)
Final: 東
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 徒弄切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/duŋH/ /dʱuŋH/ /duŋH/ /duŋH/ /dəwŋH/ /duŋH/ /duŋH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
tòng ‹ duwngH › /*[d]ˤoŋʔ-s/ grieved

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
17450 0 /*doːŋs/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(tong) (hangeul , revised tong, McCune-Reischauer t'ong, Yale thong)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

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