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Translingual[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  – habit is what one does by heart.

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 心田十金 (PWJC), four-corner 97086, composition)

  1. habit, custom
  2. habitually, usually

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 399, character 13
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11111
  • Dae Jaweon: page 739, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2349, character 1
  • Unihan data for U+6163

Chinese[edit]

simpl.
trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (慣), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 見 (28)
Final: 刪
Division: II

Openness: Closed
Tone: Departing (H)

Fanqie: 古患切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/kɣuanH/ /kwanH/ /kuanH/ /kʷɯanH/ /kwaɨnH/ /kwanH/ /kuɐnH/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
guàn ‹ kwaenH › /*kˤro[n]-s/ accustomed to

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
4471 3 /*kroːns/ 爾雅作貫,貫轉註字

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 5 “Kyōiku” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(gwan) (hangeul , revised gwan, McCune-Reischauer kwan, Yale kwan)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(quán, quen)

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