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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +11, 14 strokes, cangjie input 心中中女 (PLLV), four-corner 95044, composition)

  1. diligent, industrious, sedulous
  2. to encourage
  3. to make efforts
  4. a surname

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 401, character 7
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11154
  • Dae Jaweon: page 741, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2345, character 16
  • Unihan data for U+617A

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (慺), Pronunciation 1/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 力朱切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨo/ /li̯u/ /lio/ /lio/ /luə̆/ /lĭu/ /lio/
Character (慺), Pronunciation 2/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 侯
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 落侯切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/ləu/ /lə̯u/ /lu/ /ləu/ /ləw/ /ləu/ /ləu/
Character (慺), Pronunciation 3/3

Initial: 來 (37)
Final: 虞
Division: III

Openness: Closed
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 力主切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/lɨoX/ /li̯uX/ /lioX/ /lioX/ /luə̆X/ /lĭuX/ /lioX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
8468 0 /*roː/
8487 0 /*ro/
8503 0 /*roʔ/

Usage notes[edit]

The lóu (lou2) reading is for the "diligent, industrious, sedulous, to encourage, to make efforts" definitions while the (lü3) reading is for the "surname" definition.

References[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(ru, nu) (hangeul , , revised ru, nu, McCune-Reischauer ru, nu, Yale lwu, nwu)

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