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Translingual[edit]

shinjitai

simplified

traditional

Alternative forms[edit]

Note difference between Chinese form, which uses , and Japanese shinjitai which uses .

Etymology[edit]

Phono-semantic compound (形聲): semantic  (heart) + phonetic  – hatred comes from the heart, to hate with one’s heart.

Japanese shinjitai form rather  + .

Han character[edit]

(radical 61 +12, 15 strokes, cangjie input 心金田日 (PCWA), four-corner 98066, composition)

  1. hate, detest, abhor
  2. hatred

Related characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 402, character 8
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11188
  • Dae Jaweon: page 742, character 10
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 4, page 2356, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+618E

Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Jyutping zang1, Yale jang1)

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]

Compounds[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeung) (hangeul , revised jeung, McCune-Reischauer chŭng, Yale cung)

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Mandarin[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

(Pinyin zēng (zeng1), Wade-Giles tseng1)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tăng)

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