承る

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
うけたまわ
Grade: 5
kun'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of 受ける (ukeru, to receive) +‎ 賜る (tamawaru, to be granted), with alternative (irregular) spelling as 受け賜る.[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

承る (transitive, godan conjugation, hiragana うけたまわる, romaji uketamawaru)

  1. (humble) to receive
  2. (humble) to read, to look over (from the sense of receiving a letter or document)
  3. (humble) to hear, to listen to, to be told
     (うけたまわ)りましょう
    uketamawarimashō
    I'll listen to you respectfully
  4. (humble) to consent to, to agree to, to accept (such as a command or instruction)
  5. (rare, honorific) to speak, to say (said of someone else, never of oneself)

Conjugation[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Trivia[edit]

This is the verb with longest kanji reading (5 morae) うけたまわ.る uketamawa.ru. The only other kanji with a 5-morae reading is the noun (​kokorozashi), and no kanji have readings of 6 or more morae.

This unusually long reading is due to 承る being a single character for a compound verb, one component of which has a long reading (alternative spelling as 受け賜る u.ke-tamawa.ru, hence (1+1)+3=5; compare common 受け付ける u(ke)-tsu(ke)ru).

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9
  3. 3.0 3.1 1997, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Fifth Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13143-0
  4. 4.0 4.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, ISBN 978-4-14-011112-3