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Translingual[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 64 +4, 7 strokes, cangjie input 手日山 (QAU), four-corner 57017, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 420, character 21
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 11874
  • Dae Jaweon: page 768, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 3, page 1845, character 4
  • Unihan data for U+628A

Chinese[edit]

-
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (把), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 幫 (1)
Final: 麻
Division: II

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 愽下切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/pɣaX/ /paX/ /paX/ /pɯaX/ /paɨX/ /paX/ /paX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
‹ X › /*pˤraʔ/ grasp (v.)

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
105 0 /*praːʔ/

Definitions[edit]

  1. (measure word for anything that can be held in one's hand)
      ―  sān dāo  ―  three knives
  2. handle (a part of an object which is held in the hand)
  3. (Beginning Mandarin) a special type of helping verb which, when placed in front of the object of a sentence, allows for the object of the sentence to be placed before the verb. This allows for greater flexibility in complex sentence construction.
    桌子 [MSC, trad. and simp.]
    dāo fàng zài zhuōzi shàng. [Pinyin]
    He put the knife on the table.
  4. to guard; to have control over
    把守 (bǎshǒu, “to guard; to defend”)
    把握 (bǎwò, “to grasp; to control; to master”)

See also[edit]

special helping verb

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(common “Jōyō” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(pa) (hangeul , McCune-Reischauer p'a, Yale pha)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(, bả, bạ, bỡ, bữa, vả, , vỗ, , bẻ, bửa, lả, sấp, trả)

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