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Translingual[edit]

Stroke order
早-bw.png
Stroke order
早-order.gif

Etymology[edit]

One possibility is that 早 is a pictograph of sun (日) over the horizon. However, it is also possible that 早 was originally a pictograph of a particular type of acorn. The shells of these acorns would be used to make a dark-colored dye. This color indicated the darkness before sunrise and the symbol then took on the meaning of early or fast.

Han character[edit]

(radical 72 +2, 6 strokes, cangjie input 日十 (AJ), four-corner 60400, composition)

  1. early
  2. soon
  3. morning

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 489, character 12
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 13742
  • Dae Jaweon: page 850, character 9
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1483, character 6
  • Unihan data for U+65E9

Chinese[edit]

early; morning
simp. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (早), Pronunciation 1/1

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 豪
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Rising (X)

Fanqie: 子晧切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sawX/ /t͡sɑuX/ /t͡sɑuX/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
zǎo ‹ tsawX › /*Nəә.tsˤuʔ/ early

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

  • Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
  • Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
  • Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
  • Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;
  • Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16546 1 /*ʔsuːʔ/

Adverb[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) long ago, for a long time

Interjection[edit]

  1. good morning

Noun[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) (early) morning

Adjective[edit]

  1. (Beginning Mandarin) early; in advance

References[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(grade 1 “Kyōiku” kanji)

Readings[edit]

Kanji in this term
はや
Grade: 1
kun'yomi

Noun[edit]

(hiragana はや, romaji haya)

  1. already; now

Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jo)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul):  (revised: jo, McCune-Reischauer: cho, Yale: co)
  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.

Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tảo)

  1. This entry needs a definition. Please add one, then remove {{defn}}.