明王

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Japanese[edit]

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明王 (myōō): a statue of a Wisdom King, specifically Fudō Myōō.
Kanji in this term
みょう
Grade: 2
おう
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Buddhist term, imported into Japanese when Buddhism was introduced to Japan, some time during the Kofun, Asuka, and Nara periods.

From Middle Chinese 明王 (*miæng *hiuɑng, literally wisdom king), itself a translation of Sanskrit विद्याराज (vidyārāja, knowledge king).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

明王 (hiragana みょうおう, romaji myōō)

  1. (religion, Buddhism) a Wisdom King in Vajrayana Buddhism
    Also called a Guardian King.
  2. (religion, Buddhism) short for 五大明王 (​Go Dai Myōō), the Five Wisdom Kings
  3. (religion, Buddhism) by extension, more specifically refers to 不動明王 (​Fudō Myōō), the central figure of the Five Wisdom Kings
  4. (rare) a wise gentleman

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 1988, 国語大辞典(新装版) (Kokugo Dai Jiten, Revised Edition) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Shogakukan
  2. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9