明白

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
めい
Grade: 2
はく
Grade: 1
on'yomi

Adjectival noun[edit]

明白 (-na inflection, hiragana めいはく, romaji meihaku)

  1. clear, obvious, plain, positive
    明白 (めいはく)安保理決議違反 (あんぽりけつぎいはん)だ。
    Meihaku na anpori ketsugi ihan da.
    It is a clear violation of Security Council resolutions.

Inflection[edit]

Noun[edit]

明白 (hiragana めいはく, romaji meihaku)

  1. unmistakableness, unmistakability

References[edit]

  • 2002, Ineko Kondō; Fumi Takano; Mary E Althaus; et. al., Shogakukan Progressive Japanese-English Dictionary, Third Edition, Tokyo: Shōgakkan, ISBN 4095102535.
  • 2002, Yasuo Kitahara, 明鏡国語辞典 (Meikyō Kokugo Jiten), First Edition (in Japanese), Tokyo: Taishūkan Shoten, ISBN 4469021067

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Etymology[edit]

A compound of (míng, Old Chinese *mraŋ (Zhengzhang Shangfang), "to be bright > clear") and (bái, OC *braːg, "to be white > clean, bright"). Attested in Zhuangzi ("clear and clean"), Chu Ci ("bright and clean"), Mozi ("to be evident, clear"), Tao Te Ching ("to know, to understand").

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin míngbai
Zhuyin ㄇㄧㄥˊ ㄅㄞ˙
IPA (key) /miŋ³⁵ b̥aɪ̯³/

In Beijing Mandarin, the second syllable 白 has been completely reduced to a toneless syllable, as with many other words with second-tone final syllables (暖和, 衣服). The tendency to dissimilate from the previous second-tone syllable also contributed to this reduction. Speakers with Southern accents often fail to pronounce it as toneless, and pronounce it as míngbái instead.

Verb[edit]

明白 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin míngbai)

  1. to understand, to know

Usage notes[edit]

  • Used to express understanding of a meaning or a situation. To express an ability to understand a language, see / (huì shuō), 聽懂/听懂 (tīngdǒng) or 看懂 (kàndǒng).

Adjective[edit]

明白 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin míngbai)

  1. clear, obvious, evident
  2. open, frank, explicit
  3. sensible, reasonable

Adverb[edit]

明白 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin míngbai)

  1. clearly, obviously
  2. explicitly, unequivocally

Synonyms[edit]


Min Nan[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ biŋ˨˩pɪk˥˥ ]

Verb[edit]

明白 (traditional and simplified, POJ bêng-pe̍k)

  1. to know; to understand

References[edit]

  • "明白" (in Min Nan/English), 台文華文線上辭典. URL accessed on 2011-05-15.