昨日

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Cantonese[edit]

Hanzi[edit]

昨日 (Yale jok3 yat6)

  1. yesterday

Synonyms[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term
Grade: 4 Grade: 1

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Japanese. [kinopu] > [kinoɸu] > [*kinowu] > [kinou] > [kinoː]. The initial /ki/ is unclear, but likely the same /ki/ element that appears in other words pertaining to the past. The middle /no/ appears to be the genitive particle. The final /pu/ is an apophonic form of (hi, day).

The kanji are an example of jukujikun.

Noun[edit]

昨日 (hiragana きのう, historical hiragana きのふ, romaji kinō)

  1. yesterday
    昨日、東京は曇りでしたか。
    きのう、とうきょうはくもりでしたか。
    Kinō, Tōkyō wa kumori deshita ka.
    Was it cloudy in Tokyo yesterday?

Etymology 2[edit]

From Sinitic 昨日.

Noun[edit]

昨日 (hiragana さくじつ, romaji sakujitsu)

  1. yesterday

Etymology 3[edit]

From Old Japanese. The initial /ki/ is unclear, but likely the same /ki/ element that appears in other words pertaining to the past. The final /so/ is also unclear, but probably the same as the final /zo/ in kozo.

Noun[edit]

昨日 (hiragana きそ, romaji kiso)

  1. last night
  2. yesterday
Coordinate terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • The Oxford Starter Japanese Dictionary. ISBN 0-19-860197-2
  • Daijirin, 3rd edition. Sanseido Books, 2006. ISBN 4385139059.
  • Kokugo Dai Jiten Dictionary, revised edition. Shogakukan, 1988.

Mandarin[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]

Mandarin (Standard Chinese, Beijing)
Pinyin zuórì
Zhuyin ㄗㄨㄛˊ ㄖㄧˋ
IPA (key) /t͡su̯ɔ³⁵ ʐʐ̩⁵¹/

Noun[edit]

昨日 (traditional and simplified, Pinyin zuórì)

  1. (literary) yesterday

Synonyms[edit]