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Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 73 +8, 12 strokes, cangjie input 金田日 (CWA), four-corner 80606)

  1. already
  2. sign of the past
  3. a Chinese surname
  4. "great" in great-grandparent

Derived characters[edit]

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 503, character 3
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 14299
  • Dae Jaweon: page 877, character 2
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 2, page 1521, character 3
  • Unihan data for U+66FE

Chinese[edit]

simpl. and trad.

Pronunciation[edit]


Middle Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Character (曾), Pronunciation (1/2)

Initial: 精 (13)
Final: 登
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 作滕切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/ /t͡səŋ/
Character (曾), Pronunciation (2/2)

Initial: 從 (15)
Final: 登
Division: I

Openness: Open
Tone: Level (Ø)

Fanqie: 昨楞切
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
Bernard
Karlgren
Li
Rong
Pan
Wuyun
Edwin
Pulleyblank
Wang
Li
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zʱəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/ /d͡zəŋ/
Old Chinese pronunciation (, reconstructed)
Baxter-Sagart system (2011)
Character Modern Beijing
(Pinyin)
Middle Chinese Old Chinese English
céng ‹ dzong › /*dzˁəŋ {*[dz]ˁəŋ}/ (adverb indicating past time)
zēng ‹ tsong › /*tsˁəŋ {*[ts]ˁəŋ}/ remote (ancestor)
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character No. Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
Corresponding
MC rime
Old Chinese Notes
16616 0 /*ʔsɯːŋ/ 朱芳圃云爲甑初文,非形聲字
16625 0 /*zɯːŋ/

Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(uncommon “Hyōgai” kanji)

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Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

(jeung) (hangeul , revised jeung, McCune-Reischauer chŭng, Yale cung)

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Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

(tằng, tăng, tâng, tơn, tưng, từng)

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References[edit]